This is a great article by Frantz Fanon, which I published earlier in French. (You will find the original here). In view of all the events occurring in Africa (bombing of Cote d’Ivoire and Libya) with the UN approval, I thought that this article, published in 1964, was so important that I had to translate it into english for all to read! Enjoy…
The great success of the enemies of Africa is to have corrupted the Africans themselves. It is true that these Africans had vested interest in the murder of Lumumba. Heads of puppet governments, in a fake independence, faced everyday by massive opposition from their peoples, it did not take long to convince themselves that the real independence of the Congo would put them personally at risk. And there were other Africans, a little less puppet, but who get frightened when it comes to disengaging Africa from the West. It seems as if these African Heads of State are still afraid to face Africa. These, also, though less actively, but consciously, contributed to the deterioration of the situation in Congo. Little by little, we were reaching the agreement in the West that there was a need to intervene in Congo, we could not let things evolve at this pace.
Gradually, the idea of a UN intervention was taking shape. So we can say today that two simultaneous errors were committed by Africans.
And first by Lumumba when he sought the intervention of the UN. He should have never called on the United Nations. The UN has never been able to properly solve problems brought to man’s consciousness by colonialism, and whenever it has intervened, it was to actually come to the aid of the colonial power to the oppressed country. Look at Cameroon. What kind of peace do the subjects of Mr. Ahidjo kept in check by a French expeditionary force, which most of the time, made its debut in Algeria, enjoy? The UN, however, controlled the autodetermination of Cameroon and the French government has set up a “Provisional Executive” there.
Look at Viet-Nam. Look at Laos.
It is not true to say that the UN fail because the causes are too difficult.
In reality the UN is the legal card used by imperialist interests when brute force has failed. The sharing, the mixed controlled joint committees, under guardianship are international means of torture to break the will of the people, cultivating anarchy, banditry and misery.